Spanish Phrases: Basic food terms in Spanish

Below are the names of categories of food in Spanish, along with the Spanish names of generic types of meat, fish and seafood.

Types of food in Spanish

caldo-(thin) soup
carne-meat
consomé-(thin) soup
ensalada-salad
fruta-some fruit, a piece of fruit
mariscos-seafood
pan-bread
papas-potatoes (Latin America)
pastel-cake
patatas-potatoes
pescado-fish
queso-cheese
salsa-sauce
sopa-soup
verduras-vegetables, greens
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Names of specific meats and fish in Spanish

Types of meat in Spanish

arrachera-type of tenderised steak (Latin America)
aves-poultry
bistec-steak
cabrito-goat's meat
cerdo-pork
carne de conejo-rabbit
cordero-lamb
jamón-ham
jamón serrano-(Spanish variety of ham)
pato-duck
pavo-turkey
pollo-chicken
puerco-pork
res-beef
salchichas-sausages
ternera-veal
carne de venado-venison
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Types of fish in Spanish

anguila-eel
atún-tuna
bacalao-cod
bagre-catfish
caballa-mackerel
carpa-carp
cazón-dogfish
eglefino-haddock
huachinango-(type of fish common in Mexico)
mero-grouper fish
mojarra-(type of fish common in Mexico)
peje araña-weeverfish
peje lagarto-alligator fish (delicacy in Mexico)
peje sapo-monkfish
pes espada-swordfish
salmón-salmon
sardinas-sardines
trucha-trout
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Other seafood

almejas-clams
calamar-squid
camarones-prawns, shrimps
cangrejo-crab, crayfish
gambas-(medium) prawns (Spain)
jaiba-large crab
langosta-lobster
langostino-king prawn
mejillones-mussels
ostiones-oysters (Latin America)
ostras-oysters
pulpo-octopus
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Page written by Neil Coffey. Copyright (c) Javamex UK 2014. All rights reserved.